Chicago Style Paper Manual

Chicago Style Paper Manual

Chicago Style Paper Format: Overview and Background

A Chicago style paper is an academic paper written and formatted according to The Chicago Manual of Style (also commonly referred to as CMS or CMOS). This manual was originally developed at the University of Chicago and first published back in 1906. Since then, it has been reissued multiple times with some clarifications and additions, and the most recent editions are the 16th and the 17th. Notably, there is another recognized manual on Chicago style paper format – A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations by Kate L. Turabian – so, the style is also often referred to as Chicago/Turabian.

If you are looking for an example of Chicago style paper, you will most likely find those among papers in anthropology and history, as well as some social sciences. These are the fields where a Chicago style sample paper is most widely used.

The most essential distinguishing feature of a sample Chicago style paper is that it will allow for borrowing elements of various other style formats (such as requirements to citing other authors) on the condition that your Chicago style paper remains clear and consistent and does not turn into a mess.

General Requirements to Chicago Style Sample Paper

As we have mentioned, a Chicago Manual of Style sample paper is not meant to put the author under strict limitations. On the contrary, the requirements are designed to help the author of, for example, a Chicago style research paper to make his or her sample Chicago style paper as clear and comprehensive for the reader as possible. As such, here are the basic requirements for an example of Chicago style paper:

  • Font. Chicago Manual of Style only states that the font should be clear, without specifying the font or the size to use. So, you will have to clarify this with your professor or supervisor. Most professors suggest Times New Roman font, size 12.
  • Spacing. Chicago formatting style mostly employs double spacing. The exception is block quotations.
  • Margins. It is recommended to use 2” margins.
  • You leave no blank lines between the paragraphs of your Chicago Manual of Style sample paper.
  • Page numeration. If you are to write a smaller paper with no title page, then you begin the numeration at the first page with the number 1. If you are required to have a separate title page, then it does not get a number, and the numeration will start at the page that follows your title page, with the number 2. Either way, the page numbers will be placed on the upper right-hand side of each page except the title page, along with the author’s name.

Chicago Style Paper Heading and Title Requirements

More often than not, when you are to write a Chicago style paper, no title page will be required. However, if a Chicago style paper no title page is not the case and your example of Chicago style paper is required to have a title page, then this title page will not need to have a lot of information in it. The main detail that you have to pay attention to here is its placement on the page. Here is how you do it:

  • You place the author’s name in the middle of the title page.
  • You place the title of your work about ¼ of the page down from the top.
  • You place your course name (and number), your professor’s name, and the date ¼ of the page up from its bottom, all In separate lines. You set the spacing to double.
  • If your paper has a long title that needs over one line, you also set the spacing to double.

As for your Chicago style paper heading, same as with many other instances, you do not have strict limitations about formatting headings and subheadings in your Chicago style research paper. Still, there will be some recommendations:

  • Obviously, you are expected to maintain consistency with your headings and subheadings
  • You can capitalize your headings
  • A subheading can occupy a separate line and does not require a comma at the end
  • You can distinguish your subheadings with a bigger font size
  • To distinguish different levels of subheadings, you can use bold or italic
  • You can flush the lower-level subheadings left, as opposed to the higher-level ones which you put in the center of a line
  • Avoid using more than three levels of subheadings

Requirements to Chicago Style Paper Footnotes, Endnotes, and In-Text Citations

Because Chicago formatting style allows for various kinds of citations, it may seem like a complicated system. This is why it may be challenging to clarify it just by looking up Chicago style citation example paper. It is a better idea to just take a look at the rules and recommendations for Chicago style paper footnotes, endnotes, and in-text citations, and to learn them.

In general, when you quote another author, you can cite them either directly in your text (or parenthetically), or in the form of footnotes or endnotes. A Chicago style citation example paper does not specify which kind of citation you should use. So the choice is up to you (or your instructor).

Nevertheless, regardless of how you choose to cite the authors whom you quote, it has to be done properly. For instance, if you choose to have a Chicago style in text citation paper, here are the requirements:

  • A citation includes the author’s name, publication date, and – if you are referencing a printed source – a page number
  • There is no comma or any other punctuation between the author's name and the publication date, but the page number is separated by a comma
  • If your source has no author, you use the abbreviated title instead.

Here is an example of a Chicago style in text citation sample paper:
In the early nineteenth century, Charles Hullmandel was among the experimenters interested in lithographic techniques. He patented “lithotint” method in 1840 (Twyman 1970, 145-146).

However, it is recommended to use in-text citations only for direct quotes. So, if you prefer footnotes or endnotes over a Chicago style in text citation sample paper, here is how you do it:

  • Both a footnote and an endnote will begin with a respective superscript number, followed by the author’s name, the title, the date of publication, and – if you are referencing a printed source – the page number
  • If you are citing the same author repeatedly, you can only mention their last name, a shortened title, and page number. Alternatively, you simply write “Ibid” and a page number

For example:
Same as in other parts of the world, children in Central and Eastern Europe have experienced iron deficiency.1
1 Valerie M. Hudson, “Culture and Foreign Policy”. Boulder 1997, 5.
2 Hudson, “Culture and Foreign Policy” 10.
3Ibid 12